Assignment Sample For University Ukm

On By In 1

Assignment-writing guides and samples

If you're looking for useful guides for assignment writing and language skills check out our study skills resources.

Essay writing

  • Writing essays [PDF 240KB]

    Tips on writing a great essay, including developing an argument, structure and appropriate referencing. 

Writing a critical review

Writing a business-style report

Investigative report sample

Assignment topics and editing

Language skills

More resources

Resources relevant to your faculty

Faculty of Science, Engineering and Technology

Faculty of Health, Arts and Design

  • Writing essays [PDF 240KB]

    Tips on writing a great essay, including developing an argument, structure and appropriate referencing. 

Faculty of Business and Law

  • Writing essays [PDF 240KB]

    Tips on writing a great essay, including developing an argument, structure and appropriate referencing. 

1. Hoffman JM, Shah ND, Vermeulen LC, Schumock GT, Grim P, Hunkler RJ, Hontz KH. Projecting future drug expenditures-2006. Am J Health-Syst Pharm. 2006;63:123–138. doi: 10.2146/ajhp050446.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

2. The World Health Organization. The World Medicines Situation. 2004. Chapter 5 & Annex 2. http://apps.who.int/medicinedocs/pdf/s6160e/s6160e.pdf.

3. OECD. Pharmaceutical expenditure. In: Health at a Glance2011: OECD Indicators. OECD Publishing; 2011. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/health_glance-2011-63-en.

4. Kaplan W, Mathers C. The world medicine situation 2011: medicine expenditure. In: 2011. http://www.who.int/medicines/areas/policy/world_medicines_situation/en/.

5. Falkenberg T, Tomson G. The World Bank and Pharmaceuticals. Health Policy Plan. 2000;15(1):52–58. doi: 10.1093/heapol/15.1.52.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

6. Abdollahiasl A, Kebriaeezadeh A, Dinarvand R, Abdollahi M, Cheraghali AM, Jaberidoost M, Nikfar S. A system dynamics model for national drug polic. DARU. 2014;22(4):34. doi: 10.1186/2008-2231-22-34.[PMC free article][PubMed][Cross Ref]

7. Heerey A, McGowan B, Ryan M, Barry M. Microcosting versus DRGs in the provision of cost estimates for use in pharmacoeconomic evaluation. Expert Rev Pharmacoeconomics Outcomes Res. 2002;2(1):29–33. doi: 10.1586/14737167.2.1.29.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

8. Aguado A, Guinó E, Mukherjee B, Sicras A, Serrat J, Acedo M, Ferro JJ, Moreno V. Variability in prescription drug expenditures explained by adjusted clinical groups (ACG) case-mix: A cross-sectional study of patient electronic records in primary care. BMC Health Serv Res. 2008;8:53. doi: 10.1186/1472-6963-8-53.[PMC free article][PubMed][Cross Ref]

9. Saperi BS, Amrizal MN, Rohaizat BY, Zafar A, Syed A. Implementation of case-mix in hospital UKM: the progress. MJPHM. 2005;5(Supplement 2):45–53.

10. Ali Jadoo SA, Sulku SN, Aljunid SM, Dastan I. Validity and reliability analysis of knowledge of, attitude toward and practice of a case-mix questionnaire among Turkish healthcare providers. JHEOR. 2014;2(1):96–107.

11. Jackson T. Using Computerized Patient-Level Costing Data for Setting DRG Weights: The Victorian (Australia) Cost Weight Studies. Health Policy. 2011;56(2):149–163. doi: 10.1016/S0168-8510(00)00148-2.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

12. Palmer G, Aisbett C, Milis N, Xu C. The integration of the clinical and cost modeling approaches to case-mix costing. Case-mix Quarterly. 1998;0(1):1–10.

13. Luce BR, Manning WG, Siegel JE, Lipscomb J. Estimating costs in cost effectiveness analysis. In: Gold MR, Siege JE, Russe LB, Weinstein MC, editors. Cost Effectiveness in Health and Medicine. New York: Oxford University Press; 1996. pp. 176–213.

14. Langenbrunner J, Cashin C, O’Dougherty S, editors. Designing and Implementing Health Care Provider Payment Systems: How to Manuals. Washington DC: The World Bank; 2009.

15. Amrizal MN, Rohaizat Y, Zafar A, Saperi, Syed A. Case-mix costing in Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia hospital a top-down approach: cost analysis for cardiology cases. MJPHM. 2005;5(Supplement 2):33–44.

16. James CV. The top down approach to allocate hospital costs and to computing relative weights. MJPHM. 2005;5(Supplement 2):75–90.

17. Rohaizat Y. Proposed national health care financing mechanism for Malaysia: the role of case-mix. MJPHM. 2005;5(Supplement 2):91–98.

18. Kamaruddin MA. Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia: Historical Background. Bangi: UKM Publisher; 2006.

19. University Kebangsaan Malaysia - Medical Centre (UKMMC), Department Of Health Information, Statistics; 2013. http://www.ppukm.ukm.my/wbppukmen/index.php/component/content/article/69-jabatan-jabatan/sokongan-klinikal/jabatan-maklumat-kesihatan/253-statistik

20. Drummond M, Manca A, Sculpher M. Increasing the generalizability of economic evaluations: recommendations for the design, analysis, and reporting of studies. Int J Technol Assess Health Care. 2005;21(2):165–171.[PubMed]

21. Hendriks ME, Kundu P, Boers AC, Bolarinwa OA, Te Pas MJ, Akande TM, Agbede K, Gomez GB, Redekop WK, Schultsz C, Swan Tan S. Step-by-step guideline for disease-specific costing studies in low- and middle-income countries: a mixed methodology. Glob Health Action. 2014;7:23573.[PMC free article][PubMed]

22. Conteh L, Walker D. Cost and unit cost calculations using step-down accounting. Health Policy Plan. 2004;19(2):127–135. doi: 10.1093/heapol/czh015.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

23. Taghreed A, Evans DB, Murray CJL. Econometric estimation of country-specific hospital costs. Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation. 2003;1:3. doi: 10.1186/1478-7547-1-3.[PMC free article][PubMed][Cross Ref]

24. Shepard DS, Hodgkin D, Anthony YE. Analysis of Hospital Costs: A Manual for Managers. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2000.

25. Negrini D, Kettle A, Sheppard L, Mills GH, Edbrooke DL. The cost of a hospital ward in Europe: is there a methodology available to accurately measure the costs? J Health Organ Manag. 2004;18(2–3):195–206. doi: 10.1108/14777260410548437.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

26. Damberg CL, Sorbero ME, Hussey PS, Lovejoy S, Liu H, Mehrotra A. Exploring Episode-Based Approaches for Medicare Performance Measurement, Accountability and Payment- Final Report, WR-633-ASPE. Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, US Department of Health and Human Services; 2009. http://aspe.hhs.gov/health/reports/09/mcperform/report.pdf.

27. Duckett SJ. Casemix funding for acute hospital inpatient services in Australia. eMJA. 1998;19:s17–s21.[PubMed]

28. Heslop L. Status of costing hospital nursing work within Australian casemix activity-based funding policy. Int J Nurs Pract. 2012;18(1):2–6. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-172X.2011.01992.x.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

29. Mills AJ, Kapalamula J, Chisimbi S. The cost of the district hospital: a case study in Malawi. Bull World Health Organ. 1993;71:329–339.[PMC free article][PubMed]

30. Mogyorosy Z, Smith P. The main methodological issues in costing health care services: a literature review. University of York: Centre for Health Economics; 2005.

31. Zimmerman JL. Accounting for Decision-Making and Control. 4. Boston: McGraw-Hill Irwin; 2003. pp. 29–75.

32. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, National Health Expenditures Projections2011-2021. www.cms.gov/Research-Statistics-data-and-Systems/Statistics-Trends-and-Reports/NationalHealthExpendData/Downloads/Proj2011PDF.pdf

33. Tsilaajav T. Costing Study for Selected Hospitals in the Philippines. 2009.

34. Rohaizat Y, Amrizl MN, Saperi S, Syed A. Cost analysis and cost weight for the treatment of orthopedic cases in a teaching hospital in Malaysia using the case-mix approach: the experience of Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia hospital. MJPHM. 2005;5(Supplement 2):63–73.

35. Rivers PA, Hall NG, Frimpong J. Prescription drug spending: contribution to health care spending and cost containment strategies. J Health Care Finance. 2006;32(3):8–19.[PubMed]

36. Kebriaeezadeh A, Koopaei NN, Abdollahiasl A, Nikfar S, Mohamadi N. Trend analysis of the pharmaceutical market in Iran; 1997–2010; policy implications for developing countries. DARU J Pharm Sci. 2013;21:52. doi: 10.1186/2008-2231-21-52.[PMC free article][PubMed][Cross Ref]

0 comments

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *