Chiddingstone Kent Homework Romans 1

Topics covered in the curriculum include historically important periods and civilisations such as the Romans, Medieval times, The Stuarts, Civil War, and World War II to name just a few. Students will be expected to demonstrate their knowledge of topics through discussions and homework. Learn about the History curriculum and how homework is set below:

Year 7

Term 1

Ancient Cyprus In this term, after a short introduction to history at secondary school, we look at the history of Cyprus from its earliest day until the Romans. The module is linked to the Geography and RE departments and involves a joint field work trip of the ancient settlement of Khirokitia.
Homework: A number of short homework tasks are set throughout the term and a major project on life in prehistoric Cyprus is used to provide a National Curriculum Level/ progress comment.
How to help: Research projects take a lot of organising and asking your child to show you the progress they are making can help support them as they work towards a finish.

Term 2

The Romans In this term we are looking at the Romans. Roman politics, war and geography are covered alongside the Roman way of life with particular emphasis on life in the Roman towns. This module is linked to the geography and RE departments and involves a joint field work trip to Kurion ancient town with live actors!!!
Homework: A number of short homework tasks are set throughout the term and major assessed projects are undertaken on a tourist brochure for Ancient Rome, planning your own Roman town and a ‘Day in the Life of your town.
How to help:
Large projects take a lot of organising and asking your child to show you the progress they are making can help support them as they work towards a conclusion.
www.chiddingstone.kent.sch.uk
www.schoolhistory.co.uk

Term 3

The Medieval Realms In this term we are covering the Medieval period. Our study concentrates on the:
  • Politics of the medieval world; 1066, the feudal system, kings and barons and knights
  • Life in the medieval world; village life, entertainment, towns, the Black Death and Peasants Revolt.
  • The beliefs of the medieval world; the role of the church and belief in medieval life and Thomas Becket’s murder.
Homework: Homework takes the form of a number of activities in particular speeches on ‘Who should be king in 1066?’and ‘Which entertainment is the best?’
How to help:
You can support your child by listening to their planned speeches and directing them to the websites below. The BBC website in particular contains self-marking quizzes which your child can use to test their knowledge of the medieval world.
BBC History
BBC Bitesize

Year 8

Term 1

The Tudors In this term we look at how the Tudors ushered in the end of the Middle Ages and the beginning of the Modern world. We will be studying: The politics of the Tudor period; the battle of Bosworth Field, the reigns of Henry VII and Elizabeth I and religious changes of the period. The way of life of the Tudor period; schooling, marriage, poverty, and crime.
Homework: A number of short homework tasks are set throughout the term and there is a major piece of assessed worked on the importance and impact of Henry VIII, which will be assessed against national curriculum levels.
How to help: By supporting your child in their homework and by directing them the BBC website below.
GCSE Bitesize

Term 2

The Stuarts In this term we look at how the Stuarts period saw the forming of our modern political systems and a large amount of our modern world.
Topics we will be studying include: The rise of Parliament’s power, the Gunpowder plot and and the Civil War. The way of life of the Tudor period schooling, marriage, poverty, and crime.
Homework: A number of short homework tasks are set throughout the term and there is a major piece of assessed worked on the reliability of the evidence surrounding the Gunpowder Plot.
How to help: By supporting your child in their homework and by directing them the BBC website below.
GCSE Bitsize

Term 3

The Industrial Revolution In this term we look at the how the period between 1750 and 1900 brought about the modern world in which we live to day. We will look at: The development of agriculture and Industry in this period and the impact that these developments had on population size, location and standard of living. The developments towards full democracy in the UK. The development, experience and ending of the slave trade and the growth of the British Empire.
Homework: A number of short homework tasks are set throughout the term and there is a major piece of assessed worked on the evidence for slavery in the past and the present.
How to help: By supporting your child in their homework and by directing them to the BBC website below.
BBC Bitsize Industrial Era

Year 9

Term 1

First World War In this term we look at:
The causes of the First World War
How the First World War impacted upon British society
The experience of war between 1914 and 1918
The results of the Treaty of Versailles
Homework: A number of short homework tasks are set throughout the term and there is a major piece of assessed worked on the experience of fighting on the Western Front.
How to help: By supporting your child in their homework in particular help with their research on the experience of war on the Western front would be beneficial. There are a number of websites which might assist below.
BBC Bitesize
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk

Term 2

The Interwar years and the Second World War In this term we look at:
The rise of Fascism
The rise of communism
The dangers to democracy and its survival
The causes of the Second World War including appeasement
Homework: A number of short homework tasks are set throughout the term and there is a major piece of assessed work on source skills linked to the Russian Revolution. There is also a presentation on the choices facing the British government in 1938.
How to help: By supporting your child in their homework in particular help with planning their presentation. There are a number of websites which might assist below.
BBC Bitsize
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk

Term 3

The Second World War In this term we look at:
The cause of the Second World War
The reasons for allied victory
The use of the Atom Bomb
The Holocaust
Homework: A number of short homework tasks are set throughout the term and there is a major piece of assessed work on evaluating ‘why the allies won?’
By supporting your child in their homework in particular help with their research on the experience of war on the Western front would be beneficial. There are a number of websites which might assist below.
BBC Bitesize
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk

Year 10

The new History GCSE Specification that we follow is Edexcel (1-9). This GCSE specification has five modules:

  • A Thematic study on Medicine Through Time from 1250 to the present day
  • A Historic environment study on the Western Front
  • A British Study on Anglo Norman England
  • A Period study on the American West
  • A Modern Depth study on Germany 1918 to 1939

Term 1

A Thematic study on Medicine Through Time from 1250 to the present day

Looking at change continuity and the factors influencing the development of medicine between 1250 and today.
The medieval period
The renaissance
The Industrial revolution
The Modern world

Homework: A number of short exam related homework tasks are set throughout the term and there will be an exam questions on each individual topic area section.
How to help: You can help your child by encouraging them to test themselves on the BBC Bitesize website and checking their progress in each of their practice examination questions. GCSE Bitsize

Term 2

A Historic environment study on the Western Front

Injuries and treatment on the Western front

The use of sources.

AND

A British Study on Anglo Norman England

Late Anglo Saxon England

The Norman Conquest and consolidation

Norman England to 1080

Homework: A number of short exam related homework tasks are set throughout the term and there will be an exam questions on each individual topic area section.
How to help: You can help your child by encouraging them to test themselves on the BBC Bitesize website and checking their progress in each of their practice examination questions. GCSE Bitesize

Term 3

A Period study on the American West

The early settlement of the west.

The development of the Plains

Conflict and conquest.

Homework: A number of short exam related homework tasks are set throughout the term and there will be an exam questions on each individual topic area section.
How to help: You can help your child by encouraging them to test themselves on the BBC Bitesize website and checking their progress in each of their practice examination questions and in the Year 10 final examination. GCSE Bitesize

Year 11

The History GCSE Specification that we follow is Edexcel (1-9) This GCSE specification has five modules:

 

Terms 1 and 2

Term 1

A British Study on Anglo Norman England

Late Anglo Saxon England

The Norman Conquest and consolidation

Norman England to 1080

 

 

Term 2

Weimar and Nazi Germany:

The Weimar Republic

Hitler’s rise to power

Control and dictatorship

Life I Nazi Germany

Homework: A number of short exam related homework tasks are set throughout the term and there will be an exam questions on each individual topic area section.
How to help: You can help your child by encouraging them to test themselves on the BBC Bitesize website and checking their progress in each of their practice examination questions. GCSE Bitsize

Last modified: 22nd February 2018

 

The Romans came to Britain nearly 2000 years ago and changed our country. Even today, evidence of the Romans being here, can be seen in the ruins of Roman buildings, forts, roads, and baths can be found all over Britain.

The Romans invaded other countries too. The Roman Empire covered much of Europe, north Africa, and the Middle East.
(see map)

The Romans lived in Rome, a city in the centre of the country of Italy .

One day, some years before Jesus Christ was born, the Romans came to Britain.

Britain before the Romans (The Celts)

Who founded Rome?

When did the Romans invade Britain?
In which year did the Romans invade Britain?

Why did the Romans invade Britain?

How many times did Julius Caesar try to invade Britain?

How long did the Romans stay in Britain?

What lanuage did the Romans speak?

Why did the Romans leave Britain?

What did the Romans call London?

Why was the Roman Empire important?

What did the Romans give us?

Video on the Roman Empire

According to the Roman legend, Romulus was the founder of Rome. Romulus and his twin brother Remus were the sons of the God Mars. When they were very young they were abandoned by the banks of the River Tiber and left to fend for themselves. Luckily for them they were found by a she-wolf who took pity on them fed them with her milk.  The boys were later found by a shepherd who raised them. The boys grew up to be very strong and clever and they decided to build a town on the spot where the Shepherd had found them. They named their town Rome.

First invasion - Caesar's first raid

In August 55 B.C. (55 years before Jesus was born) the Roman general, EmperorJulius Caesar invaded Britain. He took with him two Roman legions. After winning several battles against the Celtic tribes (Britons) in south-east England he returned to France.

Second invasion - Caesar's second raid

The following summer (in 54 B.C.) Caesar came to Britain again landing at Walmer near Deal in Kent. This time he brought with him no fewer than five legions (30,000 foot soldiers) and 2,000 cavalrymen (horse riders). This time the Romans crossed the River Thames. After more fighting, the British tribes promised to pay tribute to Rome and were then left in peace for nearly a century.

Third and final invasion

Nearly one hundred years later, in 43 A.D. (43 years after Jesus was born), Emperor Claudius organised the final and successful Roman invasion of Britain. General Aulus Plautius led four legions with 25,000 men, plus an equal number of auxiliary soldiers. They crossed the Channel in three divisions, landing at Richborough, Dover, and Lympne.

(Click here for more information on the map of Kent in Roman times)

The biggest battle was fought on the banks of the River Medway, close to Rochester. It went on for two days before the Celtic tribes retreated.

Many tribes tried to resist the Romans. It took about four years for the invaders to finally gain control over southern England, and another 30 years for them to conquer all of the West Country and the mountains and valleys of Wales. The battle for Yorkshire and the remainder of northern England was still underway in AD 70.

The first Roman city was Camulodunum also called Colonia Vitricencis. (We know it by the name of Colchester.) It was the seat of Roman power and governance of Brittania until sacked during the Boudiccan revolt. London was then established as a seat of governance, and only became important after the Camulodunum event.

Why the Romans came to Britain is not quite certain. Two reasons have been suggested:

  1. The Romans were cross with Britain for helping the Gauls (now called the French) fight against the Roman general Julius Caesar.
  2. They came to Britain looking for riches - land, slaves, and most of all, iron, lead, zinc, copper, silver and gold.

The Romans remained in Britain from 43 AD to 410 AD. That is almost four hundred years (four centuries).

The Romans spoke a form of Latin known as vulgar Latin. It was quite different from the Classical Latin that we learn today.

Their homes in Italy were being attacked by fierce tribes and every soldier was needed.

The Romans called London 'Londinium'.

The River Thames was quick way to transport goods between Britain and the Continent. The Romans saw this and built the town of Londinium around the river's main crossing point.
Find out more about Roman London

The Romans, even today, play an important part in our lives. Many of the things we do or have originated from the Romans.

  • Language
    The language we used today was developed from the Romans. The Romans spoke and wrote in Latin and many of our words are based on Latin words.
  • The Calendar
    Did you know that the calendar we use today is more than 2,000 years old? It was started by Julius Caesar, a Roman ruler. It is based on the movement of the earth around the sun, and so is called the 'solar calendar.' The solar calendar has 365 days a year, and 366 days every leap year, or every fourth year. The names of our months are taken from the names of Roman gods and rulers. The month 'July,' in fact, is named after Julius Caesar himself!
  • Laws and a legal system
    The laws and ways we determine what to do with someone who is accused of breaking a law came originally from the Roman Empire.
  • The Census
    The Roman Empire was huge and included millions of people living over a large area. How did they keep track of all these people? Easy! They counted them! The Roman Empire began the practice of taking a census, or a 'count,' of all the people within its boundaries every so often. Today, many countries like ours take a census every 10 years.
  • straight roads
  • central heating
  • concrete
  • aqueducts (bridges for water)

Use the links, top left, for more information about the Romans.

romans, woodlands romans, roman britain, hadrian's wall, the roman empire in britain, romans celts britain, roman army in britain, roman invasion in britain, roman emperor britain, roman empire for kids, ancient rome, the roman army for kids, roman gods for kids, hadrian's wall, romans roman timeline for kids, romans for kids roman army, Roman food, Roman clothing, Roman soldiers

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