Student are required to maintain the Social Studies section in their 5th grade binders. Notes should be complete and legible. Some will be notes copied from from notes given by the teacher to the whole class. Some will be charts and graphic organizers filled in by the students. We usually do these in small group and wrap up with a group discussion at the end of class.Check planners regularly for updates on quizzes.
World War II
World War II LeadersAdolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler came to power in 1933 when he became the Chancellor of Germany. He was the head of the Nazi Party and controlled Germany until his death in 1945. Nazi Germany had many anti-Jewish policies which led directly to the Holocaust, in which over 6 million Jewish people were killed. Hitler was also responsible for starting World War II because of the invasion of Poland by German troops.
Joseph Stalin was the leader of the U.S.S.R., also known as the Soviet Union, from 1922 until his death in 1953. Due to the Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact, the Soviet Union was at peace with Nazi Germany when World War II began. This changed in 1941 when Germany invaded, betraying the pact.
Winston Churchill was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom during World War II.Churchill is known for always saying that Hitler was a threat though many people did not want to believe him. He worked closely with President Franklin D. Roosevelt to ensure the Allies won the war.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt was President of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945. He worked closely with Winston Churchill and the United Kingdom during World War II. He was responsible for the declaration of war on Japan after the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor in December, 1941. He is the only president who has served more than two terms.
Harry S. Truman
Harry S. Truman took over as President of the United States when Franklin D. Roosevelt died in April of 1945. Truman served as president from 1945 until 1953. He is probably most well known for his decision to drop atomic bombs on two Japanese cities:Hiroshima and Nagasaki. He did this in hopes of ending the war with Japan as quickly as possible. Japan surrendered a few days after the bombs were dropped.
Benito Mussolini was the Prime Minister of Italy beginning in 1922. He was the head of the National Fascist Party and is thought to be the father of fascism. Mussolini was an ally of Nazi Germany in World War II, and he declared war on the United Kingdom and France in 1940.
Hirohito was the emperor of Japan from 1926 until his death in 1989. During the early years of his time in power, he is known for allowing Japanese aggression in China, as well as the bombing of Pearl Harbor. Japan was a military ally with Nazi Germany during World War II. The bombing of Pearl Harbor forced the United States to enter World War II in 1941.
World War II
Second Sino-Japanese War
Japan invaded China in the mid-1930s and began what is known as the Second Sino-Japanese War. This made the United States angry with Japan even before the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. Japanese aggression in China is an example of imperialism because they wanted to be more powerful by trying to control another country.
Invasion of Poland
World War II began in 1939 with the German invasion of Poland. Germany's leader, Adolf Hitler, wanted his country to control land and be more powerful. Hitler's invasion of Poland and other European countries is another example of imperialism. Imperialism is the desire to make a country more powerful by controlling other countries.
On December 7, 1941, Japan attacked the U.S. military base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.This event came after the Japanese had come into an alliance with Nazi Germany in 1940. The Japanese had hoped to destroy the U.S. Navy with the attack, but failed to do so. The next day, December 8, 1941, the U.S. entered into World War II by declaring war on Japan.
D-Day is the name given to June 6, 1944. The Allies landed on the beaches in Normandy, France, marking the beginning of Operation Overlord. Operation Overlord was the plan to fight German forces in Europe, starting in France.
The Battle of Iwo Jima
The Battle of Iwo Jima was fought from February to March of 1945 on the Japanese island of Iwo Jima. Some of the worst fighting of the war happened during this battle.Over 20,000 American soldiers were killed or injured. Almost all of the Japanese soldiers were killed. The picture below shows American soldiers raising a flag over the island after the victory.
©AP/WIDE WORLD PHOTOS
Germany surrendered on May 8, 1945, which has become known as VE Day, or Victory in Europe Day. This only marked the end of the European side of the war, however. The war would not be done for good until Japan surrendered in August, 1945.
Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
On August 6, 1945, the United States dropped an atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima. On August 9, the U.S. dropped another bomb on the city of Nagasaki.President Harry S. Truman decided to use the bombs in order to force Japan to surrender. An invasion of Japan was scheduled, but could be avoided if the Japanese surrendered. Truman wanted Japan to surrender because an invasion would have cost the lives of many American soldiers. The Japanese surrendered a few days after the bombs were dropped.
Japan surrendered on August 15, 1945, marking the end of World War II. This day is known as VJ Day, or Victory in Japan Day.
Beginning in the 1930s, Adolf Hitler and the Nazis tried to get rid of all the Jewish people in Europe. Hitler was what is known as an anti-semitic, which means someone who does not like Jewish people. Hitler's polices included forcing Jews to live in concentration camps where many were worked to death or simply killed. Over 6 million Jews died as a result of Hitler and the Nazis. This event in known as the Holocaust.
World War II
|World War II had a big impact on the United States. Women went into the workforce, the first African Americans became pilots, and the United Nations was created. These are just a few examples of how the war influenced the United States and the world.|
- When a good becomes scarce, a country will control how much of the good each person can get. This idea is known as rationing and is necessary to make the good last as long as possible. During a war, a country will ration items that are directly needed to fight the war. For example, the United States rationed things like rubber and gas in World War II because those things were needed by the military.
- The Tuskegee Airmen were a group of famous African American pilots who flew many missions during World War II. They were the first group of African Americans to ever be pilots in the United States and earned much recognition because of their skills.
- The picture below is a famous image from World War II called "Rosie the Riveter".The picture was meant to encourage women to enter the workforce while men were fighting in the war. It is also a symbol of the millions of women who worked in heavy industry during this time. Women were needed in heavy industry because production in factories needed to increase. The factories also had to change from production of consumer goods to production of military goods.
Internment of Japanese Americans
- After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, many Americans feared that Japan might launch another attack on the West Coast of the United States. People also questioned the loyalty of Japanese Americans to the United States. As a result, the United States government placed many Japanese Americans into camps until the war was over. This is usually called Japanese American internment. The camps were called internment camps or "War Relocation Camps." Over 120,000 Japanese Americans were placed in the camps.
- The United Nations (UN) was formed in 1945 as a response to World War II. The countries of the world believed that international problems needed to be solved without going to war. The United States led the way in the creation of the UN and members committed themselves to settling problems between countries in a peaceful way.
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