Presentation on theme: "Theme: Change — Constitutional Amendments"— Presentation transcript:
1 Theme: Change — Constitutional Amendments
When the Founding Fathers wrote the United States Constitution, they included the amendment process. The amendments that have been passed brought political, social, and economic changes to American society.Task:Select two constitutional amendments that have changed American society and for each• Describe the historical circumstances that led to the adoption of the amendment• Discuss the political, social, and/or economic changes the amendment broughtto American societyYou may use any constitutional amendments that have changed American society. Somesuggestions you might wish to consider include the 13th amendment (abolition of slavery, 1865), 17th amendment (direct election of senators, 1913), 18th amendment (Prohibition, 1919), 19th amendment (woman’s suffrage, 1920), 22nd amendment (presidential term limits, 1951),24th amendment (elimination of the poll tax, 1964), and 26th amendment (suffrage for 18-year-old citizens, 1971).You are not limited to these suggestions.
2 Theme: Individuals, Groups, Institutions — Writing and Reform
Throughout United States history, individuals have used writing as a way to focus attention on issues facing the American people. To resolve the issues raised in these writings, actions have been taken by the government, groups, or individuals.Task:Select two pieces of writing that have focused attention on issues facing American society and for each• Describe the historical circumstances surrounding the issue addressed by the author• Discuss an action taken by the government or a group or an individual in response to the issue raised by the authorYou may use any piece of writing from your study of United States history that focuses attention on an issue facing American society. Some suggestions you might wish to consider include Common Sense by Thomas Paine (1776), Uncle Tom’s Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe (1852), How the Other Half Lives by Jacob Riis (1890), The Jungle by Upton Sinclair(1906), “I, Too, Sing America” by Langston Hughes (1925), The Other America by Michael Harrington (1962), Silent Spring by Rachel Carson (1962), The Feminine Mystique by Betty Friedan (1963), and “Letter from Birmingham Jail” by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. (1963).
3 Technological developments have had both positive and negative effects on the United States economy and on American society.Task:Identify two different technological developments and for each• Discuss the positive and/or negative effects of the technological development on the United States economy or on American societyYou may use any technological developments from your study of United States history. Some suggestions you might wish to consider include the cotton gin, steam-powered engines, the assembly line, nuclear power, the automobile, television, and computers.You are not limited to these suggestions.
4 Theme: Presidential Actions
United States presidents have taken actions that have had a significant effect on United States foreign or domestic policies.Task:Identify two presidential actions that have had significant effects on United States history and for each• Describe the historical circumstances surrounding the action• Discuss the impact of the presidential action on United States foreign policy or on American societyYou may use any presidential action that has had a significant effect on United States history. Some suggestions you might wish to consider include George Washington issuing the Proclamation of Neutrality, Abraham Lincoln issuing the Emancipation Proclamation, William McKinley calling for war against Spain, Theodore Roosevelt supporting the Meat Inspection Act, Woodrow Wilson proposing the Fourteen Points, Franklin D. Rooseveltproposing the New Deal, Harry Truman making the decision to drop the atomic bomb, and Lyndon B. Johnson signing the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
5 Theme: Diversity (Constitutional Rights)
Throughout United States history, Supreme Court decisions have addressed the issue of the constitutional rights of various groups. These decisions have limited or expanded the rights of members of these groups.Task:Identify two Supreme Court cases related to the rights of specific groups and for each• Describe the historical circumstances surrounding the case• Explain the Supreme Court’s decision in the case• Discuss how the Supreme Court decision limited or expanded theconstitutional rights of members of this groupYou may use any Supreme Court case from your study of United States history in which the Supreme Court addressed the issue of the constitutional rights of various groups. Some suggestions you might wish to consider include Worcester v. Georgia (1832), Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857), Plessy v. Ferguson (1896), Korematsu v. United States (1944), Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954), Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States (1964), and Roe v. Wade (1973).You are not limited to these suggestions
The Constitutional Convention of 1787 Essay
817 Words4 Pages
The Constitutional Convention of 1787 was held to address problems in governing the United States which had been operating under the Articles of Confederation since it’s independence from Britain. Fifty-five delegates from the states attended the convention to address these issues. The delegates consisted of federalists who wanted a strong central government to maintain order and were mainly wealthier merchants and plantation owners and anti-federalists who were farmers, tradesmen and local politicians who feared losing their power and believed more power should be given to the states. The Constitutional Convention dealt with the issue of the debate between federalists and anti-federalists. The debates, arguments and compromises…show more content…
While the Federalists were successful in establishing a National Bank, they were forced to compromise on other issues including the Virginia Plan.
The Virginia Plan sparked debate over its legislative representative proposals. The plan proposed representation of the states by population. This proposition favored the larger states. The Jersey Plan also known as the smaller state plan rallied for equal representation for all states. A compromise was finally reached. One house of the legislature would consist of two representatives from each state. This satisfied the small states. The second house of the legislature would consist of representatives based on population, thus satisfying the larger states. The establishment of a fair measure to apply taxation and representation in the legislature was described in the Federalist Papers: The Apportionment of Members among the States. The government would conduct a census that would prevent the states from understating their population for taxation and overstating their population for representation. The “Great Compromise” resolving the issue of representation did not mean that the federalists and anti-federalists had come to agreement on the Constitution.
On the contrary, the Anti-federalists campaigned against the Constitution because it lacked a bill of rights that would protect the rights of the states and individuals. Elbridge Gerry in his letter to the President of the Senate and Speaker of